MOLE BIOLOGY: The Eastern Mole (Scalopus aquaticus) or common mole is a medium-sized, overall grey North American mole and the only member of the genus Scalopus. Its large, hairless, spade-shaped forefeet are adapted for digging. Eastern moles typically measure six inches in length and have short brown or black fur, four legs, pointed snouts, and short tails. Their front feet are turned outward and look and function like shovels. They live for about 2-3 years. They breed in January, and after a 45 day pregnancy, give birth to 2-4 young. The Star-Nosed Moles (Condylura cristata) are one of the most distinctive types of mammal. Their noses are hairless and ringed by a unique ‘star’ of 22 pink, fleshy tentacles. The star has 11 appendages per side that vary in length from 1 to 4 mm. This species ranges from 175 to 205 mm in total length and weighs between 35 and 75 g. Like other moles it has a stout, roughly cylindrical body with heavily-built forelimbs, broad feet and large claws. Its hair is short, dense and coarser than that of other moles. The pelage is dark brown to black on the back and lighter brown underneath. During winter the tail swells 3 to 4 times its normal diameter.
MOLE BEHAVIOR: All moles are subterranean animals and dig a network of tunnels and chambers. They create surface tunnels and dirt mounds under the chamber areas. Most moles are territorial, so there could be one to several in your yard. They primarily eat earthworms, and also other underground larvae and insects.
NUISANCE CONCERNS: It all has to do with the digging. Many people simply don’t like the destruction to their lawn and landscaping. A single mole can turn a nice manicured lawn into a mess of tunnels and dirt piles. They wreck your yard.
Moles are usually classified as a pest species due to their tunneling habit. The most common complaints include the following:
“Ridges” from tunnels all over yard
Large mole hill piles of dirt
Ground feels spongy & looks unsightly
General lawn & landscape destruction
For these reasons, many people wish to have this nuisance animal removed from the property. This is usually accomplished with lethal traps – there are no known effective live mole traps.
Moles are subterranean dwellers and likely won’t spread diseases to humans unless biten and can transmit rabies. They are carriers of fleas and ticks which can spread diseases to humans and pets.
Give us a call today if you are dealing with nuisance Moles. We offer Free Home Evaluations to determine the best course of action for your specific situation. Call Pest Pros at 269-993-0051